In many cases, written "guarantees" are freely given because sellers know chances of seeing a foreign tourist again are slight.
While Russian law regarding the exportation of icons is quite clear, examples of Russian icons over years of age are regularly introduced into the open market by way of smuggling into the neighboring Baltic countries, or as a result of corrupt Ministry of Angie harmon hot pictures officials who are willing to certify an otherwise unexportable icon as being " years old" in order to facilitate its transfer.
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The numbers from are simple.
Russia converted to Christianity about AD and adopted the Orthodox Eastern style of painting icons.
The answer is that while technically one may use either, riza is commonly to be preferred now, keeping oklad as a more general term.
Since the Orthodox Church considers icons to be primarily functional sacred objects, they are traditionally unsigned.
Next, look for areas of paint that are lifting from the panel.
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